The Economic, Social and Environmental Council has 175 members, all active stakeholders in civil society, appointed for a term of five years. Members cannot serve more than two consecutive terms. The ESEC meets year-round and has working methods similar to those of parliamentary assemblies.
The 175 Council members hold plenary meetings twice a month to vote on opinions submitted by the sections. The agenda is set by the Bureau. Ministers are informed of relevant opinions, attend plenary sessions and take part in debates.